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  — Words, images and power: teaching Order in the Middle Ages —

Sacralisation became an essential element for the absolute legitimacy of feudalism, which was conceived based on social dominance in western Europe throughout the centuries. In that context and in view of its illiterate people, sermons and images played a fundamental role in explaining the nature of that system, in addition to their indoctrinating function in the foundations of the Christian religion. They formed the "audiovisual language" which used ideas from the social doctrine and political theology developed by the Church since its origins and summarised how the Order worked: there had to be a virtuous, hierarchical, fair, united and pacific society, i.e. individual and social virtues and a structure governing the society so that it could reach its destiny of Salvation.
This research uses Max Weber's concept of historical "formal rationality", a principle which includes, involves and provides internal cohesion to other general principles and here it is applied to the Augustinian concept of "Order". It is also based on a systemic interpretation of history, which provides an understanding of the close links between the ideological, cultural, social, economic and institutional structures which make up any social formation. This theoretical framework enables us to use a multidisciplinary work methodology. By applying this method, we can observe the similarity in content and syntax between the language used in the sermons from the 11th to 15th centuries and the Romanesque and Gothic iconography, analysed from the spectators' standpoint, in Spain, France, England and Italy.

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Bibliography

GONZÁLEZ CUESTA, Begoña; LARRAÑAGA ZULUETA, Miguel (2007): “Análisis comparado de la construcción visual del tiempo: cine e imagen románica en su representación del tiempo presente”, [in:] Javier Marzal Felici / Francisco J. Gómez Tarín (edit.), I Congreso Internacional de Análisis fílmico. Metodologías de análisis del film. Madrid, p. 631-639.

LARRAÑAGA ZULUETA, Miguel (2008): “Representaciones militares en la iconografía románica y legitimación del porder feudal”, [in:] Larrañaga Zulueta, M.; Illarregui, E. (coords.) (2008): Armamento e iconografía en la Antigüedad y la Alta Edad Media, Anejos de Oppidum, 1, Segovia, pp. 129-138.

(2012): “Sermón, sociedad y sacralización del orden social: siglos XII-XIII”, [in:] Arízaga, B. et alii: Mundos medievales: espacios, sociedades y poder. Homenaje al profesor José Ángel García de Cortázar, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, pp. 653-664.

(2015): Palabra, imagen, poder: enseñar el orden en la Edad Media, IE Universidad, Segovia, 508 p.
 
     
  Doctoral thesis

Title
: La escultura románica hispana y la lucha contra el Islam (mediados del S. XI - mediados del S. XIII). Inés MONTEIRA ARIAS. Tesis doctoral dirigida por Miguel Larrañaga y defendida en la U. Carlos III de Madrid, 2010. Doctorado Europeo. Sobresaliente cum laude por unanimidad. Premio extraordinario de doctorado en Humanidades 2010.

Publication: MONTEIRA ARIAS, Inés (2013): El enemigo imaginado. La escultura románica hispana y la lucha contra el Islam, Toulouse, Université de Toulouse-Méridiennes, 864 pp.
 
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— Archaeology and architecture in the Hispano-Roman cities along the Douro river

— Comprehensive Cavca research project

— Tiermes (Soria, Spain): Cultural Laboratory

— CMAANH (I): “Camino de las Ánimas”

— Theodosian archaeology in the Douro river basin

— HVAL (I): The necropolis in Herrera de Pisuerga

— Water archaeology

— Numismatics and the economy in the ancient world

— Territory and society from Late Antiquity to the High Middle Ages

— Armament and iconography in Antiquity and the High Middle Ages

— Rural and social conflicts in Navarre in the 14th and 15th centuries

— Watermills and feudalism in Navarre between the 9th and 15th centuries

— Words, images and power: teaching Order in the Middle Ages

— "De Ordine Mundi": Romanesque culture and feudalism

Medieval Spanish palaeography and diplomacy

Artistic dialogue between Al-Andalus and the peninsular Christian kingdoms

— History and archaeology of Segovia


— The Santa Cruz la Real monastery in Segovia: History and Art
 
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